Trends and Outcomes of Emergency Pediatric Surgical Admissions from a Tertiary Hospital in Ethiopia.
Temesgen Firomsa, Muluwork Teferra, Amezene Tadesse
BACKGROUND: Pediatric surgical emergency condition is a broad spectrum of surgical pathologies/disorders occurring in pediatric age group requiring proper emergency surgical care as the only option of management to salvage life, avoid/minimize disability or palliation. The objective of this study is to analyze the pattern and outcome of pediatric surgical emergencies managed at Tikur Anbesa Hospital and the factors associated with outcome.METHODS: Retrospective analysis of medical records of patients was conducted to assess the pattern, outcome and factors associated with outcome of pediatric surgical emergencies admitted and managed at Tikur Anbesa Specialized Hospital, from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015. Data was checked for completeness and entered into SPSS version 20 for statistical analysis.RESULTS: A total of 454 patients??? medical records were analyzed. The presentation was after 5 days of illness in 182(40%), and >3 days in 243(53.4%), while only 89(19.6%) of them come within 24 hours of the illness. The etiologies were abdominal/gastrointestinal emergencies 210(46.3%), foreign body in aero digestive system in 133(29.3%), urogenital surgical emergencies in 27(5.9%). The other causes include superficial and deep tissue abscess collections in 22(4.8%), trauma /injury related cases in 24(5.3%) and others in 38(8.4%) respectively while congenital malformations were only 57(12.6%) of the cases. Finally, 439(96.7%) were discharged cured or improved without major disabilities documented, while 9(2%) died.CONCLUSIONS: Delayed presentation, unstable condition on arrival, younger age group and the nature of underlying pathology could have contributed for the death, but this needs further study.KEYWORDS: Pediatric surgery, Emergency Surgery, Ethiopia