Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. Vol 17, No 1 (2018):135-141

Molecular characterization of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from pediatric burns patients in an Iranian hospital.
Abazar Pournajaf, Ramazan Rajabnia, Shabnam Razavi, Sana Solgi, Abdollah Ardebili, Sajad Yaghoubi, Mahmoud Khodabandeh, Yousef Yahyapour, Behzad Emadi, Gholamreza Irajian

Purpose: To survey the molecular characteristics of imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii obtained from pediatric burns patients in a teaching hospital in Tehran, Iran.Methods: Over a 10-month period, 73 non-duplicate A. baumannii strains were collected from pediatric burns patients admitted to Motahari Burn and Reconstruction Center, Tehran, Iran. The resistance profile of several antimicrobials was determined. Metallo-??-lactamase (MBL)-producing isolates were identified using double-disk synergy and an MBL E-test. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was carried out to detect the following ??-lactamase-encoding elements: blaVIM, blaIMP, blaSIM, blaSPM, blaGIM, blaNDM, blaAIM, blaDIM, blaKPC, blaOXA-23/24/51, and blaOXA-58. The types of integrons were also identified using PCR.Results: Out of the 73 collected strains, 92.4 and 38.3 % of the isolates were multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR), respectively. Colistin was the most effective antibiotic. It was found that 94.5 % of the strains were resistant to imipenem, as determined both by disk agar diffusion and MIC E-test methods. Based on double disk synergy and E-test, 78.1 and 83.5 % of the isolates, respectively, were MBL producers. The prevalence of blaOXA-23 and blaOXA-24 were 75.4 and 39.1 %, respectively. The results also indicate that 62.3, 30.4, and 4.3 % of the isolates were positive for blaVIM, blaIMP and blaNDM genes, respectively. Furthermore, 16.4, 76.1, and 7.5 % of the isolates carried intI, intII, and intIII genes, respectively.Conclusion: The increased frequency of carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii in burns cases underlines the importance of choosing an appropriate antibacterial regimen based on antibiotic susceptibility profile. Rapid identification of carbapenemase-producing strains would be helpful for selecting suitable antimicrobial therapy and preventing further spread of their encoding genes.Keywords: Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii, Pediatric burns, Integron, ??-lactamase genes

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